Amazon RDS

Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) provides easy-to-manage and scalable relational databases and database clusters in the AWS Cloud. Database instances may use one of several common database engines, such as MySQL or Microsoft SQL Server.

Observe helps you monitor the health and activity of your RDS deployments with the following features:

  • Datasets containing details of RDS clusters and individual DB instances, allowing you to see which instances are part of which clusters, the engine and instance class, and other attributes.

  • A dashboard with at-a-glance insights, such as the number of connections, and read/write latency.

  • Additional dataset for RDS deployment logs (see Setup.)

  • Sample Monitor configurations to alert on common problems, such as high error rates.

View RDS activity in Observe

DB Instances

To see details of your RDS DB instances, go to the RDS Instance dataset in Observe. Dashboards provides an overview of the state of your DB instances:

Dashboard for the RDS Instance resource dataset. Visualizations include summaries of instance types, charts of how many instances are in each availability zone, how many failed status checks, and CPU utilization per instance.

Figure 1 - Dashboards in RDS

This board includes visualizations with information about your instances. Use it to answer questions such as:

  • How many instances do I have in each account or region?

  • How many instances do I have of each DB engine type, and what versions do they use?

  • How many instances of each instance class?

  • How many instances are part of a cluster?

Dashboards contain useful database metrics, including:

  • Number of database connections

  • Latency

  • IOPS

And also system metrics, including:

  • CPU utilization

  • Network throughput

  • Free memory

  • Free storage space

  • Disk queue depth

For Aurora clusters, metrics include the following:

  • Commit latency and throughput

For a complete list of RDS metrics collected, see Amazon RDS metrics.

RDS Clusters

Get an overview of the state of your RDS DB clusters with the RDS Cluster dataset:

Dashboard for the RDS Instance resource dataset. Visualizations include summaries of instance types, charts of how many instances are in each availability zone, how many failed status checks, and CPU utilization per instance.

The RDS Cluster dashboard includes all of the visualizations on the RDS Instance board, as well as additional metrics specific to different types of clusters.

For Aurora:

  • Serverless database capacity (for serverless clusters)

  • Replica lag (for provisioned clusters with read replicas)

For MySQL on Aurora:

  • DML latency and throughput

  • Number of blocked transactions

For PostgreSQL on Aurora:

  • IOPS

Monitors

Observe includes the following Monitor templates:

For Clusters

  • Alert if the average latency across the cluster is more than 20 miliseconds:

    • RDS High Cluster Read Latency

    • RDS High Cluster Write Latency

For DB instances

  • Alert if the latency for a single instance is more than 20 miliseconds:

    • RDS High Instance Read Latency

    • RDS High Instance Write Latency

  • Alert if the error rate has increased by more than 10% in the past hour:

    • RDS Increased Error Logs

  • Alert if an instance has less than 10% free storage:

    • RDS Low Free Storage Space

To use a template, go to the list of templates on the Monitors page and select the one you wish to use. Make any desired configuration changes on the Create a Monitor page and save it.

Setup

Install the Observe AWS Integration app and select RDS. The app creates datasets, and adds Monitor templates. For the optional RDS Logs dataset, we recommend enabling automatic subscription of CloudWatch Log Groups. For details, see How do I send CloudWatch Log Groups to Observe? in the AWS Integration documentation.